Challenges of IoT Based New Generation Smart-Government

Ali AlEnezi, Zainab AlMeraj, Paul Manuel

Abstract


A milestone of Information Technology in 21st century is Internet of Things (IoT). The most significant aspect of IoT is its application in smart cities. The IoT is considered as software foundation of modern smart cities and is making revolution in the development of smart-government. The IoT is the backbone of smart cities and smart cities are the backbone of a smart-government. There are two types of smart-governments: (1) New Generation Smart-Government, (2) Extended Smart-Government. We illustrate the differences between the new generation smart-government and the extended smart-government. In this paper, a framework of new generation smart-government is proposed with inner and outer layer process. This framework is designed to illustrate the players, process and the challenges of the smart-government. Are search survey is carried out to study the challenges of smart-government from the perspectives of India, USA and Kuwait. It is observed that the challenges differ from country to country. The survey reports bring out some interesting facts that mindscaping is the biggest challenge for Kuwait, investment is the biggest challenge for India and security & privacy is the biggest challenge for USA.

Keywords


Internet of things; Internet of everything; Smart cities; Traditional e-Government; Government 2.0; Smart-government

Full Text:

PDF

References


L.G. Anthopoulos, Understanding the smart city domain: A literature review, in: M.P. Rodríguez (eds.), Transforming City Governments for Successful Smart Cities, Public Administration and Information Technology 8, Springer International Publishing, Switzerland (2015), DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-03167-5_2.

T. Bajarin, The next big thing for tech: The Internet of everything, Time Tech, 13 January 2014, http://time.com/539/the-next-big-thing-for-tech-the-internet-of-everything/.

N. Berggruen and N. Gardels, Intelligent Governance for the 21st Century, Intelligent Governance for the 21st Century: A Middle Way between West and East, Polity Press, UK (2012).

M.P. Rodríguez Bolívar and A.J. Meijer, Smart governance: Using a literature review and empirical analysis to build a research model, Social Science Computer Review, 1 – 20 (2015).

V. Fernandez-Anez, G. Velazquez-Romera and F. Perez-Prada, Governance and implementation of smart city projects in the mediterranean region, European Investment Bank Institute, Deliverable 3, 2015.

A. Greenberg, Hackers Remotely Kill a Jeep on the Highway — With Me in It, Wired, 21 July 2015.

J. Gubbi, R. Buyya, S. Marusic and M. Palaniswami, Internet of Things (IoT): A vision, architectural elements, and future directions, Future Generation Computer Systems 29(7) (2013), 1645 – 1660.

A. Harsh and N. Ichalkaranje, Transforming e-Government to Smart Government: A South Australian Perspective, In: L.C. Jainetal (eds.), Intelligent Computing, Communication and Devices, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing 308, Springer, India (2015).

G. Feroz Khan, The Government 2.0 utilization model and implementation scenarios, Information Development, 1 – 15, 2013, SAGE Publication.

R. Howard, Smart Government Key Initiative Overview, Gartner Inc., 18 June 2013.

R. Jain, Internet of things and smart cities: Smart cities: challenges and issues challenges and issues, 2nd IEEE International Workshop on Sensors and Smart Cities (SSC2016), St. Louis, MO, May 18, 2016.

J. Jin, J. Gubbi, S. Marusic and M. Palaniswami, An information framework for creating a smart city through internet of things, IEEE Internet of Things Journal 1(2) (April 2014).

S.-T. Kim, Next generation e-Government strategies and asks for the smart society – based on Korea’s case, Journal of E-Governance 36(1) (January 2013), 12 – 24.

Y. Li, Y. Lin and S. Geertman, The development of smart cities in China, CUPUM 2015.

C.-M. Lönn and E. Uppström, Government 2.0 challenges in Swedish public sector, In: eChallenges e-2013 Conference Proceedings, IIMC International Information Management Corporation (2013).

G. Loukas, Cyber-Physical Attacks A Growing Invisible Threat, Butterworh-Heinemann (Elsevier), Oxford, UK, p. 65, June 2015, ISBN 9780128012901.

T. Maddox, The world’s smartest cities: What IoT and smart governments will mean for you, TECHREPUBLIC (2017).

J. Matarese, 9 things in your home that may be spying on you, WCPO Cincinnati, February 12, 2017.

S. McCaskill, Cisco Live 2015 – What’s The Difference Between The IoT And IoE?, Silicon, UK, January 29, 2015.

A.J. Meijer, B.-J. Koops, W. Pieterson, S. Overman and S.T. Tije, Government 2.0: Key Challenges to its Realization, Electronic Journal of e-Government 10(1) (2012), 59 – 69.

S. Mitchell, N. Villa, M. Stewart-Weeks and A. Lange, The Internet of Every thing for Cities, Point of View, CISCO (2013).

S. Moore, Gartner Highlights Top 10 Strategic Technology Trends for Government, Sydney, Gartner Inc., Australia, June 3, 2015.

NIC, Disruptive technologies global trends 2025, National Intelligence Council, p. 27, April 2008.

H. Ning and Z. Wang, Future Internet of things architecture: like mankind neural system or social organization framework?, IEEE Communications Letters 15(4) (April 2011).

D. Otniel, The challenges of e-government 2.0 projects in Romania: An insight, Annals of ‘Constantin Brancusi’ University of Targu-Jiu, Economy Series 4 (2015), 24 – 29.

C. Perera, A. Zaslavsky, P. Christen and D. Georgakopoulos, Sensing as a service model for smart cities supported by Internet of Things, Transactions on Emerging Telecommunications Technologies 25(1) (January 2014), 81 – 93.

H. Schaffers, N. Komninos, M. Pallot, B. Trousse, M. Nilsson and A. Oliveira, Smart cities and the future Internet: Towards cooperation frameworks for open innovation, in: J. Domingue et al. (eds.), The Future Internet, FIA 2011, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 6656, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.

M. Strohbach, H. Ziekow, V. Gazis and N. Akiva, Towards a big data analytics framework for IoT and smart city applications, in: F. Xhafa, L. Barolli, A. Barolli and P. Papajorgji (eds.), Modeling and Processing for Next-Generation Big-Data Technologies, Modeling and Optimization in Science and Technologies, Vol. 4, Springer, Cham, 2015.

R. Sudan, Next Generation Organizational Models fore-Government, Global ICT Department, The World Bank, 2008.

Z. Tumin and A. Fung, From Government 2.0 to Society 2.0: Pathways to Engagement, Collaboration and Transformation, Harvard Kennedy School, Harvard University, USA.

C.G. Weissman, We asked executives about the Internet of things and their answers reveal that security remains a huge concern, Business Insider 21 January, 2015.

I. Zubizarreta, A. Seravalli and S. Arrizabalaga, Smart city concept: What it and what it should be?, Journal of Urban Planning and Development 142(1) (March 2016), 04015005, DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)UP.1943-5444.0000282.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26713%2Fjims.v10i3.1092

eISSN 0975-5748; pISSN 0974-875X