Ultracold Rubidium Atoms Excited to Rydberg Levels

D. Ciampini, O. Morsch, E. Arimondo

Abstract


Ultracold atomic gases excited to strongly interacting Rydberg states are a promising system for quantum simulations of many-body systems. The dipole blockade of Rydberg excitations is a hallmark of the strong interactions between atoms in these high-lying quantum states. We have measured the Rydberg excitation for rubidium ultracold atoms in magneto-optical traps and for Bose-Einstein condensates loaded into quasi one-dimensional traps. One of the consequences of the dipole blockade is the suppression of fluctuations in the counting statistics of Rydberg excitations. We have obtained experimental results on the dynamics and the counting statistics of Rydberg excitations of ultra-cold Rubidium atoms both on and off resonance, which exhibit sub- and super-Poissonian counting statistics, respectively. We have found strongly bimodal counting distributions in the offresonant regime.

Keywords


Ultracold atoms; Rydberg collective excitations; Dipole blockade; Counting statistics; Sub- and super-Poissonian distributions

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References


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M. Viteau, M. G. Bason, J. Radogostowicz, N. Malossi, D. Ciampini, O. Morsch and E. Arimondo, Ã’Rydberg excitations in Bose-Einstein condensates in quasi-one-dimensional potentials and optical lattices, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107 (2011), 060402.

M. Viteau, P. Huillery, M. G. Bason, N. Malossi, D. Ciampini, O. Morsch, E. Arimondo, D. Comparat and P. Pillet, Cooperative excitation and many-body interactions in a cold Rydberg gas, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109 (2012), 053002.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26713%2Fjamcnp.v2i3.336

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