Comparative Studies of MgFe\(_2\)O\(_4\) Nanoparticles Synthesized using Different Precursors by Sol Gel Auto Combustion Method

Shiva Upadhyay, K. Sreenivas

Abstract


Nanostructured powder of MgFe\(_2\)O\(_4\) was prepared by sol gel auto combustion method using two different precursors. It is an ultimate combination of slow and sustained gel formation and subsequent combustion. In this work, our aim is to synthesize nanoparticles of MgFe\(_2\)O\(_4\) using different precursors and to compare their relative characteristics and also to investigate that which combinations have result in better properties. The precursors of the solid were obtained from different gels of metal nitrates and metal nitrate, metal acetate with glycine used as an oxidizer and a fuel having pH value of 2 and 6, respectively. During our keenly observed processing, it was reproducibly noted that in the case of acetate-nitrate gel the self-propagation temperature was approximately 120\(^\circ\)C-130\(^\circ\)C while in the case of nitrate-nitrate gel the self-propagation temperature was approximately 180\(^\circ\)C-200\(^\circ\)C. The crystal structure, shape and grain size of the nanoparticles had been compared by XRD, SEM and TEM. VSM was used to investigate the magnetic properties of obtained powder. The hysteresis curves indicated the ferromagnetic behavior of the samples at room temperature. FTIR supports the absorption value of octahedral and tetrahedral sites.

Keywords


Nanostructured; MgFe\(_2\)O\(_4\); Hysteresis; FTIR; Self-Propagation; Hysteresis

Full Text:

PDF

References


S.V. Bangale, D.R. Patil and S.R. Bamane, Arch. Appl. Sci. Res 3 (5) (2011), 506–513.

H. Bakhtiari, Q.S. Manuchehri Naeini, S. Haghighi and M. Emamzadeh, Int. J. Nano Dimens. 3 (3) (2013 Winter), 185–190.

S.W. Cao, Y. J. Zhu, G. F. Cheng and Y. H. Huang, Journal of Hazardous Materials 171 (1-3) (2009), 431–435.

S.M. Chavan, M.K. Babrekar, S.S. More and K.M. Jadhav, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 507 (1) (2010), 21–25.

S. Che, J. Wang and Q. Chen, J. Phys-Condens. Mat. 15 (2003), 335.

A.C.F.M. Costa, E. Tortella and M.R. Morelli, Kimainami RHGA, J. Magn. Magn. Mater (2003), 256–174.

W.B. Cross, L. Affleck, M.V. Kuznetsov, I.P. Parkin and Q.A. Pankhurst, J. Mater. Chem. 9 (1999), 2545.

B.D. Cullity and S.R. Stock, Elements of X-ray Diffraction, Prentice Hall, New Jersey (2001).

S.D.A. Dalt, A.S. Takimi, V.C. Sousa and C.P. Bergmann, Particulate Science and Technology 27 (2009), 519–527.

B.K. Das, In Prepation and Characterization of Materials, New York: Academic Press (1981).

M. Fan, Ceramic and Glasses, Engineered Materials Handbook, Vol. 4, ASM Inter., Info. Soc. (1991), p. 270.

A. Franco, T. Alves, E. Lima, E. Nunes and V. Zapf, Appl. Phys. A Mater. Sci. Process 94 (2009), 131.

S. Hafner and Z. Kristallogr, Journal of Chemical Society 115 (1961), 331.

W.A. Heer, Nanomagnetism Characterization of Nanophase Materials, Wiley VCH (2000).

Y. Huang, Y. Tang, J. Wang and Q. Chen, Mater. Chem. Phys. 97 (2006), 394, doi:10.1016/j.matchemphys.2005.08.035

C.C. Hwang, J.S. Tsai and T.H. Huang, Mater Chem. Phys. (2005), 93–330.

N. Kasapoglu, B. Birsoz, A. Baykal, Y. Koseoglu and M. S. Toprak, Chem. Central General 5 (2007), 570–580.

Y.I. Kim, D. Kim and C.S. Lee, Physica B (2003) 33, 742.

V.M. Khot, A.B. Salunkhe, M.R.Phadatare and S.H. Pawar, Materials Chemistry and Physics 132 (2012), 782–787.

A.S. Mukasyan, P. Epstein and P. Dinka, Proc. Combust. Inst. 31 (2007), 1789–1795.

H.S. Nalwa, Nano Strcutured Materials and Nanotechnology, American Scientific Publishers, USA, (2002) (chapters 1-4).

C.P. Liu, M.W. Li, Z. Cui, J.R. Huang, Y.L. Tian, T. Lin and W.B. Mi et al., J. Mater. Sci. 42 (2007), 6133.

Y. Liu, Z.M. Liu, Y. Yang, H.F. Yang, G.L. Shen and R.Q. Yu, B. Chemical 107 (2) (2005), 600–604.

A. Pradeep and G. Chandrasekaran, Mater. Lett. 60 (2006), 371, doi:10.1016/j.matlet. 2005.08.053

A. Pradeep, P. Priyadharsini and G. Chandrasekaran, Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 320 (2008), 2774–2779.

Journal of Atomic, Molecular, Condensate & Nano Physics, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 101–108, 2015

J. Silvaa, W. Britoa and N. Mohallem, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 112 (2004), 182-187.

A. Sutka and G. Mezinskis, Front Mater Sci. 6 (2) (2012), 128–141.

J. Wang, J. Sun, Q. Sun and Q. Chen, Mater. Res. Bull. 38 (2003), 1113.

R.D. Waldron, Phys. Rev. 99 (1955), 1727, doi:10.1103/PhysRev.99.1727

S.C. Watawe, B.D. Sutar and B.K.S. Chougule, Int. J. Inorg. Mater. 3 (2001), 819.

A.A. Thant, S. Srimala, P. Kaung, M. Itoh, A.F. Radzali, M.N.J. of Australian Ceramic Socity 46 (1)

(2010), 11–14.

E. Tortella, A.C.F.M. Costa, M.R. Morelli and R.H.G.A. Kiminami, Magn. Magn. J. Mater. 256 (2003), 174.

Z. Yue and L.Z. Zhng, Mater Sci. Eng. B (1999), 6468.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26713%2Fjamcnp.v2i2.330

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




RGN Journal Management System is fully compatible with all dialects of \(\rm\LaTeX\) and \(\sf MathML\)

  eISSN 2349-2716; pISSN 2349-6088