Synthesis and Characterization of CTAB Capped Praseodymium Oxide Nanoparticles

D. Prasanna

Abstract


Rare-earth-oxides (REOs) in impressive consideration in view of their potential application in catalyst and optoelectronic gadgets. REOs have promising optical, electrical and chemical properties. They are described by the progressive filling of the 4f level of their electronic arrangement. Among REOs, praseodymium oxide is a significant REO material utilized as catalyst, oxygen storage components and material for higher electrical conductivity. Praseodymium oxide includes unique highlights inside the arrangement of the REOs. It structures homologous a progression of oxides with variable valence states. This has the most astounding oxygen ion mobility inside the arrangement of lanthanide oxides, on account of the assortment of stable phases, which empowers quick changes in the oxidation state of praseodymium. Different methods have been embraced for the synthesis of phase pure praseodymium oxide nanoparticles like solid state synthesis, hydrothermal, microwave assisted synthesis, sol-gel, and so on. Among the above mentioned, the wet chemical approach is a simple, versatile method to prepare phase pure, controllable nanoparticles with high return. The prepared particles are exposed to post synthesis processes and characterized for their basic morphological studies.


Keywords


Nanoparticles; Praseodymium; Solvothermal method

Full Text:

PDF

References


B. M. Abu-Zied and S. A. Soliman, Thermal decomposition of praseodymium acetate as a Precursor of praseodymium oxide catalyst, Thermochimica Acta 470 (2008), 91 – 97, DOI: 10.1016/j.tca.2008.02.002.

B. A. A. Balboul, Synthesis course and surface properties of praseodymium oxide obtainedvia thermal decomposition of praseodymium acetate: Impacts of the decomposition atmosphere, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 88 (2010), 192 – 198, DOI: 10.1016/j.jaap.2010.04.006.

S. Bernal, F. J. Botana, G. Cifredo, J. J. Calvino, A. Jobacho and J. M. Rodriguez-Izquierdo, Preparation and characterization of a praseodymium oxide to be used as a catalytic support, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 180 (1992), 271 – 279, DOI: 10.1016/0925-8388(92)90392-M.

M. G. Poirier and R. Breault, Oxidative coupling of methane over praseodymium oxide catalysts, Applied Catalysis 71 (1991), 103 – 122, DOI: 10.1016/0166-9834(91)85009-K.

J. M. DeBoy and R. E. Hicks, The oxidative coupling of methane over alkali, alkaline earth, and rare earth oxides, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 27 (1988), 1577 – 1582, DOI: 10.1021/ie00081a004.

A. M. Gaffney, C. A. Jones, J. J. Leonard and J. A. Sofranko, Oxidative coupling of methane over sodium promoted praseodymium oxide, Journal of Catalysis 114 (1988), 422 – 432, DOI: 10.1016/0021-9517(88)90045-0.

L. Ma, W. Chen, J. Zhao, Y. Zheng, X. and Z. Xu, Microwave-assisted synthesis of praseodymium hydroxide nanorods and thermal conversion to oxide nanorod, Materials Letters 61 (2007), 1711 – 1714, DOI: 10.1016/j.matlet.2006.07.116.

G. A. M. Hussein, Formation of Praseodymium oxide from the thermal decomposition of hydrated praseodymium acetate and oxalate, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 29 (1994), 89 – 102, DOI: 10.1016/0165-2370(93)00782-I.

L. Yan, R. Yu, G. Liu and X. Xing, A facile template-free synthesis of large-scale single crystalline Pr(OH)3 and Pr6O11 nanorods, Scripta Materialia 58 (2008), 707 – 710, DOI: 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2007.12.007.

L. Ma, W.-X. Chen, J. Zhao and Y.-F. Zheng, Synthesis of Pr (OH)3 and Pr6O11 nanorods by microwave-assisted method: Effects of concentration of alkali and microwave heating time, Journal of Crystal Growth 303 (2007), 590 — 596, DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2006.12.035.

M. Popa and M. Kakihana, Praseodymium oxide formation by thermal decomposition of a praseodymium complex, Solid State Ionics 141-142 (2001), 265 – 272, DOI: 10.1016/S0167-2738(01)00754-8.

G. A. M Hussein, B. A. A. Balboul, M. A. A-Warith, A. G. M. Othman, Thermal genesis course and characterization of praseodymium oxide from praseodymium nitrate hydrate, Thermochimica Acta 369 (2001), 59 – 66, DOI: 10.1016/S0040-6031(00)00727-9.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26713%2Fjamcnp.v6i3.1287

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




RGN Journal Management System is fully compatible with all dialects of \(\rm\LaTeX\) and \(\sf MathML\)

  eISSN 2349-2716; pISSN 2349-6088